The Ambubachi Fair is an old-aged traditional ceremony of ascesis that being observed with Tantrik means. The observers primarily dedicate this ceremony to the goddess Kamakhya and get worshipped by Vamachara Sadhana.
Popularly known as the Ambubachi festival or Ambubachi Mela (fair), devotees believe this to be one of the most significant festivals in Assam, India. The Kamakhya temple (also known as Kamrup Kamakhya) is an ancient shrine is situated high up on the Nilachal Hill in Guwahati, Assam.
Significant of Ambubachi festival:
Considered one of the most powerful Shakti Peethas, the Kamakhya temple has no idol installed to worship, yet a rock fissure in the shape of a Yoni (the vulva).
However, the Ambubachi Festival occurs around the middle of June during the monsoon and lasts 3-4 consecutive days. Tantrik worshippers, Sadhus (sages), Sanyasis, Sadhavis from several Indian regions plus neighboring countries throng the Kamakhya temple during this period.
According to a core belief, the goddess goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during these 3days. This time, mother earth is given proper time to rest. Therefore, nobody is allowed to conduct any farming work these days.
Also, during Ambubachi Mela, the doors of the Kamakhya temple remain shut. Besides, the pandits also stop daily prayers and religious activities inside the temple premises during this period.
People also believe the water of the Brahmaputra River turns red during this time. And nobody has found the origin of such occurrence.
Also, during these days, the Yoni remains covered up with a red cloth called Rakta Bastra (bleeding cloth). Later, pandits tore the fabric into pieces and distributed it among devotees who tied it around their wrists and arms.
Lastly, the temple doors reopen for the pilgrims after the purification rituals.
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